Reinsch et al: Shrubland primary production and soil respiration... (2017)

Reinsch S., Koller E., Sowerby A., de Dato G., Estiarte M., Guidolotti G., Kovács-Láng E., Kröel-Dulay Gy., Lellei-Kovács E., Larsen K.S., Liberati D., Peñuelas J., Ransijn J., Robinson D.A., Schmidt I.K., Smith A.R., Tietema A., Dukes J.S., Beier C., Emmett B.A.
2017
Shrubland primary production and soil respiration diverge along European climate gradient.
Scientific Reports 7, 43952.
Összefoglaló: 

Above- and belowground carbon (C) stores of terrestrial ecosystems are vulnerable to environmental
change. Ecosystem C balances in response to environmental changes have been quantified at individual sites, but the magnitudes and directions of these responses along environmental gradients remain uncertain. Here we show the responses of ecosystem C to 8–12 years of experimental drought and night-time warming across an aridity gradient spanning seven European shrublands using indices of C assimilation (aboveground net primary production: aNPP) and soil C efflux (soil respiration: Rs).
The changes of aNPP and Rs in response to drought indicated that wet systems had an overall risk
of increased loss of C but drier systems did not. Warming had no consistent effect on aNPP across the climate gradient, but suppressed Rs more at the drier sites. Our findings suggest that above- and
belowground C fluxes can decouple, and provide no evidence of acclimation to environmental change at a decadal timescale. aNPP and Rs especially differed in their sensitivity to drought and warming, with belowground processes being more sensitive to environmental change.

Angol nyelvű összefoglaló: 

Above- and belowground carbon (C) stores of terrestrial ecosystems are vulnerable to environmental
change. Ecosystem C balances in response to environmental changes have been quantified at individual sites, but the magnitudes and directions of these responses along environmental gradients remain uncertain. Here we show the responses of ecosystem C to 8–12 years of experimental drought and night-time warming across an aridity gradient spanning seven European shrublands using indices of C assimilation (aboveground net primary production: aNPP) and soil C efflux (soil respiration: Rs).
The changes of aNPP and Rs in response to drought indicated that wet systems had an overall risk
of increased loss of C but drier systems did not. Warming had no consistent effect on aNPP across the climate gradient, but suppressed Rs more at the drier sites. Our findings suggest that above- and
belowground C fluxes can decouple, and provide no evidence of acclimation to environmental change at a decadal timescale. aNPP and Rs especially differed in their sensitivity to drought and warming, with belowground processes being more sensitive to environmental change.